what does an oral surgeon do


What Does an Oral Surgeon Do:? Oral surgeons, also known as oral and maxillofacial surgeons, are highly specialized dental professionals with a broad scope of practice. They are experts in performing complex surgical procedures involving the mouth, jaw, and face. In this article, we will explore the role of oral surgeons, the procedures they perform, the qualifications required to become one, and answer frequently asked questions to provide a comprehensive understanding of this crucial dental specialty.

What Does an Oral Surgeon Do?

Oral surgeons are dental specialists who focus on diagnosing and surgically treating a wide range of conditions related to the mouth, jaw, and facial structures. Their role includes:

  • Tooth Extraction: One of the most common procedures performed by oral surgeons is tooth extraction. This may include wisdom teeth removal, impacted tooth extraction, and extraction of damaged or infected teeth.
  • Dental Implants: Oral surgeons are skilled in placing dental implants, which are artificial tooth roots used to support prosthetic teeth, such as crowns, bridges, or dentures.
  • Corrective Jaw Surgery: They can perform orthognathic surgery to correct issues with the jaw, including misaligned jaws and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.
  • Facial Trauma Repair: Oral surgeons are often the first responders to facial injuries. They repair fractured facial bones and soft tissues, restoring function and appearance.
  • Pathological Conditions: They diagnose and treat pathological conditions, such as cysts, tumors, and infections in the oral and maxillofacial region.
  • Reconstructive Surgery: Oral surgeons perform reconstructive surgery to address defects or deformities resulting from congenital conditions or previous surgeries.
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment: Some oral surgeons specialize in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea through surgical interventions.

Qualifications and Training for Oral Surgeons:

What Does an Oral Surgeon Do? Becoming an oral surgeon is a rigorous process that involves extensive education and training:

  • Undergraduate Education: Prospective oral surgeons must complete a bachelor’s degree, typically in a science-related field, before applying to dental school.
  • Dental School: After completing dental school, which takes four years, graduates must earn a Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) or Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) degree.
  • Residency Training: Oral surgeons undertake a four to six-year oral and maxillofacial surgery residency program. This training encompasses a broad range of surgical and medical experiences.
  • Board Certification: After completing their residency, oral surgeons may pursue board certification by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (ABOMS). This is a significant achievement and an indication of their expertise.
  • Licensing: Oral surgeons must obtain a state license to practice, which requires passing written and practical exams.

FAQs about Oral Surgeons:

1. What Does an Oral Surgeon Do?

You should consider consulting an oral surgeon for complex dental issues, including wisdom teeth removal, dental implants, jaw surgery, facial trauma, and oral pathology concerns.

2. Is oral surgery painful?

Oral surgeons use local or general anesthesia during procedures, ensuring that patients do not experience pain during surgery. Postoperative discomfort is managed with pain medication.

3. How long does it take to recover from oral surgery?

Recovery times vary depending on the procedure. Wisdom teeth removal may require a few days, while more complex surgeries can take several weeks. Your oral surgeon will provide specific guidelines.

4. Are oral surgeons the same as dentists?

Oral surgeons are dental specialists, but they undergo additional education and training to perform surgical procedures. Dentists focus on general dental care and may refer patients to oral surgeons for surgical needs.

5. Can I choose my oral surgeon?

In many cases, you can choose your oral surgeon, especially if your procedure is elective. However, insurance, referrals, and geographical factors may influence your choice.


What Does an Oral Surgeon Do? Oral surgeons are essential healthcare professionals who play a critical role in addressing a wide range of dental and facial conditions. Their expertise in surgical procedures, from tooth extraction to reconstructive surgery, is crucial for the well-being of their patients. If you’re considering treatment from an oral surgeon or pursuing a career in this field, it’s vital to understand the extensive training and qualifications required for this specialized profession. Additionally, remember that oral surgeons work in collaboration with dentists and other healthcare providers to ensure comprehensive care for their patients’ oral and maxillofacial health.

By Alice

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